Deir el-Medina is the site of a very special workman's village, whose craftsmen built and decorated the tombs of the Pharaohs in the Valley of the Kings. They were members of a highly skilled community who passed down the knowledge of their trade from father to son through many generations, beginning at least as far back as the reign of Tuthmose I. The village was laid out in a square grid within mud-brick walls. We have a great deal of evidence of the lives of the workmen living here during the reigns of Ramesses II and His successors. These include stelae and tomb inscriptions, papyri, and ostraca, all of which serve to give us a picture of the lives of the people who lived and worked in this village. Underground tombs cut into the cliff face lie behind the houses of the villagers at Deir el-Medina. Steep-sided pyramids mark the entrances, with the deceased being buried below the ground-level chapel inside. The small temple was constructed during the reign of Ptolemy IV Philopator, Ptolemy Philometor, and Ptolemy Neos dionysos, from approximately 220-145 B.C.E. The name Deir el-Medina means 'the Convent of the Town' in Arabic, and was given because of the temple's final use by Coptic monks. The Temple of Het-Hert was dedicated to several deities of the necropolis, including Het-Hert and Ma'at, but also to Imhotep (the architect of Djoser) and Amenhotep son of Hapu, both of whom were deified in their lifetimes.' Source: http://www.hethert.org/DeirelMedina.htm *** One of the most popular tombs on the hillside is that of Sennedjem - who lived in the 19th Dynasty during the reigns of Seti I and Ramesses II. A pyramid above it would have formed part of the tomb's superstructure which included a courtyard and offering chapel. The burial chamber is at the bottom of a shaft. Another tomb often included in a visit to Deir el-Medina is that of Inherkhau who served as a Foreman on the royal tomb construction teams during the 20th Dynasty.
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