During the Battle of Chapultepec, six Mexican military cadets refused to fall back when General Bravo finally ordered retreat and fought to the death against superior U.S. forces. Their names were: teniente (lieutenant) Juan de la Barrera, and cadets Agustin Melgar, Juan Escutia, Vicente Suarez, Francisco Marquez and Fernando Montes de Oca. One by one they fell; when one was left (Juan Escutia), and the U.S. forces were about to kill him, he grabbed the Mexican flag, wrapped it around himself and jumped off the castle point. It is said that the American commander saluted the body of Escutia wrapped in the Mexican flag. The monument stands in Chapultepec Park commemorating their courage. The cadets are eulogized in Mexican history as the Los Ninos Heroes, the 'Child Heroes' or Heroic Cadets. The monument was designed by architect Enrique Aragon and sculpted by Ernesto Tamariz at the entrance to Chapultepec Park in 1952.