This is the best preserved column drum from the Temple of Artemis--one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. It has the remains of seven figures, two of which have been almost completely obliterated. The subject portrayed is disputed, but the scene is clearly presided over by the messenger god, Hermes, who gazes upwards with his kerykeion (winged staff) in his right hand and petasos (wide-brimmed sun hat) hanging behind his head. The god appears here in his guise as Hermes Psychopompos (leader of souls to the Underworld). The Roman author Pliny the Elder (AD 23-79) tells us that the famous fourth-century sculptor Skopas carved one of the thirty-six column drums of the temple. This particular drum was traditionally associated with Skopas on stylistic grounds.